If you are retired or close to retirement and finding yourself short of money then a reverse mortgage might be the answer, but make sure you do your homework before you take out this type of loan.
What is a Reverse Mortgage?
A reverse mortgage is a loan secured against the value of your home. In Canada you have to be a homeowner’s aged 55 or over to take out a reverse mortgage. You can convert up to 55% of your home’s value into tax free cash to use as you wish. With a reverse mortgage you retain ownership of your home and there are no monthly payments required. The loan is only repaid when your home is sold when you either move out or the last borrower dies.
Reverse Mortgages are surging in Canada at about 25% per year as older people are finding themselves without the income that they need for their retirement and this is a source of additional income for them. Outstanding balances on reverse mortgages have more than doubled in the four years up to 2019 and now stand at $3.12billion, although this is less than 1% of the residential mortgages that have been issued, they are growing at a much faster pace.
At present the big banks do not offer reverse mortgages they can only be taken out with two lenders – the leading provider is Canadian Home Income Plan (CHIP) from HomeEquity Bank which has offered reverse mortgages since 1986, the second is the PATH Home Plan from Equitable Bank available in BC, Alberta and Ontario. Some Credit Unions in BC and Ontario also offer reverse mortgages.
In order to qualify for a Reverse Mortgage in Canada, these factors are taken into consideration:
- Both you and your spouse must be at least 55 years old.
- The home that you are using to secure a reverse mortgage must be your primary residence, and you live there at least six months of the year.
- The location of your home.
- The type of home – detached, condo, townhouse etc.
- The appraised value of your home – it must be at least $150,000.
- The condition of your home.
- The equity that you have in your home.
- If you have a mortgage, loans or a line of credit secured on the home, you must pay it off before taking out a reverse mortgage.
- The older you are and the more equity that you have in the home the more money you could get but the amount is also impacted by current market trends.
How to access the money
You can usually take out the money from your loan either as a one-time lump sum or by taking some up front and the remainder over time. You need to ask your lender what options are open to you and if there are restrictions or fees.
A reverse mortgage may sound like a great idea but is it the best option for you?